Evolution of blood gas testing - Part 2
May 1, 2014
Presented by Ellis Jacobs, PhD, Assoc. Professor of Pathology, NYU School of Medicine
Evolution of Blood Gas Testing: Focusing on the Source of Impaired O2 Supply to the Tissue Part 2
Speaker: Ellis Jacobs, Ph. D, DABCC, FACB
Associate Professor of Pathology, NYU School of Medicine
Director of Pathology, Coler-Goldwater Hospital and Nursing Facility
Blood gas testing has improved over the years thanks to advances in technology. 60 years ago, blood gas testing meant determining pO2, pCO2 and pH. What is blood gas testing today? This series of webinars will investigate current assessment and diagnostic methods and the use of co-oximetry and lactate measurement to more precisely assess a patient’s ability to utilize oxygen.
Session 1 reviewed the practical applications of the acid-base chart as an indicator to distinguish between metabolic vs respiratory disturbances. It identified the terminology, causes, and symptoms of acid-base imbalance. The session also reviewed the importance of base excess for in-depth analysis of metabolic versus respiratory imbalance, and analyzed the acid base chart and its application in interpreting the acid-base status.
Session 2 will provide a more in-depth look at the ability of today’s blood gas testing to determine the cause of reduced oxygen transport and release to tissues. Traditionally, pO2 has been the sole parameter used for evaluation of patient oxygen status. For a complete evaluation of the oxygen status, it is necessary to consider lactate, as well as other factors that affect oxygen uptake, transport, and release. This session will discuss reasons for reduced oxygen carrying capacity, identify different methods for oxygen saturation assessment and the pitfalls associated with some of these methods, and investigate the value of measured vs calculated saturation using co-oximetry.
This webinar series will provide a fresh in-depth look at today’s blood gas testing for anyone involved in the diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of acutely ill patients.
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Effective 1 July, 2020
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In certain limited circumstances, Radiometer may need to disclose your Personal Data in order to comply with a legal obligation or demand, such as to comply with reporting obligations to our governing regulatory authorities regarding the safety of our products, or in connection with the sale or transfer of one of our product lines or divisions, which includes the services provided through one or more of the Radiometer Sites. In such instances, we will take measures to protect your Personal Data to the extent possible. We also reserve the right to use Personal Data to investigate and prosecute users who violate our rules or who engage in behavior that is illegal or harmful to others or to others’ property.
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Your Privacy Choices
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Consistent with applicable law, you also may request access to information about the categories of Personal Data we collect, the sources from which we obtain that Personal Data, why we collected it, and with whom we share it. To seek access to Personal Data about you, exercise any other rights, to file a concern, complaint, or request for correction, or to opt-out of particular programs, please contact our Privacy Office by clicking on the “Contact Us” link on the Radiometer Site you are using, by using the Radiometer contact information on the Radiometer mobile application you are using, or by emailing email@example.com. You may also send a letter to the following address:
Radiometer Medical ApS Attn: Legal & Compliance (Privacy office) Åkandevej 21 2700 Brønshøj Denmark
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Once we receive your request, we may need to contact you to further verify relevant details. You may be entitled, in accordance with applicable law, to submit a request through an authorized agent. To designate an authorized agent to exercise your rights and choices on your behalf, please provide sufficient proof of assignment of authority.
Additional Notice to California Residents
Subject to certain limits under California Civil Code § 1798.83, California residents may ask us to provide them with (i) a list of certain categories of Personal Data that we have disclosed to third parties for their direct marketing purposes during the immediately preceding calendar year, and (ii) the identity of those third parties. This section is for information only, as Radiometer does not share or sell your data.
Radiometer maintains reasonable technical, administrative and physical controls to secure any Personal Data collected through the Radiometer Sites. However, there is always some risk that an unauthorized third party could intercept an Internet transmission, or that someone will find a way to thwart our security systems. We urge you to exercise caution when transmitting Personal Data over the Internet, especially your financial-related information. Radiometer cannot guarantee that unauthorized third parties will not gain access to your Personal Data; therefore, when submitting Personal Data to Radiometer Sites, you must weigh both the benefits and the risks.
Third Party Sites and Social Media Plug-ins
Accessing Our Sites Globally
Radiometer may transmit Personal Data about you to related affiliates worldwide. These affiliates may in turn transmit Personal Data about you to other related affiliates. Some affiliates may be in countries that do not ensure an adequate level of data protection. Nevertheless, all of Radiometer’s related affiliates are required to treat Personal Data in a manner consistent with this policy. We only transfer your Personal Data internationally or to a third party when we are satisfied that adequate levels of protection are in place to protect the integrity and security of your Personal Data being processed, in compliance with applicable data protection laws. Where necessary, including for transfers to affiliates, we use Standard Contractual Clauses approved by the European Union to provide such protection. To obtain additional information regarding the safeguards we have in place for cross-border transfers of Personal Data, please contact us using the information provided in the “Your Privacy Choices” section.
We will carry out the following operations on your Personal Data with and without use of automated means: collection, recording, systematization, accumulation, storage, specification (update, modification), retrieval, use, transfer (provision, access), including cross-border transfers, depersonalization, deletion and destruction.
We share information about your use of Radiometer Site with third parties and transfer your information outside of Russia for certain business purposes. If you would like to get more information on these third parties and the countries to which we transfer your Personal Data, please contact us as described in the “Your Privacy Choices” section and we will provide you with the information on names, locations of those third parties as well as their roles in processing your Personal Data.
Radiometer implements necessary legal, organizational and technical measures to secure any Personal Data collected through the Radiometer Sites, including:
- Restriction of access to the Personal Data on a need-to-know basis, i.e. only to individuals who require such data to perform their respective duties;
- Ensuring physical security of premises where our information systems are located;
- Use of hardware and software information security tools, such as state-of-the-art malware protection and firewalls; and
- Appointment of a Data Protection Officer.